In the 60-70s of the last century, the aquarium goldfish experienced the peak of its popularity. And once its existence was shrouded in myths and fabrications. For example, it was believed that it feeds on water. Unusual creations could only be seen on Chinese items of decor and everyday life. Fans, vessels, furniture were decorated with paintings of outlandish beauties. Many did not believe in their existence until in 1611, goldfish were brought to Europe. Later, as a gift to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov, they came to Russia. Therefore, if you were presented with such fish, you should know that this is a royal gift.
The origin of mythical creatures
It’s hard to believe, but the whole variety of scrofula has only one ancestor - crucian carp. A common resident of shallow water in China, Japan, Korea. Back in the 7th century e. people noticed that in his offspring individuals occasionally appear with orange-red or yellow pigment. They began to be caught and placed in ponds near houses. That was the beginning of selective work. The high degree of variability of the red carp progeny made it possible to select many interesting new specimens with a similar gene pool. Therefore, when the different types of goldfish are kept together in the aquarium, they can interbreed and produce offspring. Thus, the purity of the lines is lost.
Very expensive mutants
In the selection of silver crucian carp, two branches can be distinguished into short-bodied and long-bodied forms. The first ones look more impressive. Several hundred variations have now been bred. Of the long-known: comet, oranda, little red riding hood, telescope, veiltail, lion head, they are found quite often. But there are also very expensive individuals. Shubunkin with a blue body tone and black, orange spots scattered around it is very valuable. Unusually looks a variety of ranch, which is called "Batik". All the nuances of coloring can best be seen in the photo of this goldfish. The tiger conquers with its color and fins, transparent with a speck. Manufacturers in Thailand have some of the most expensive: orands, rukins, pearls, a panda telescope.
Goldfish - care and maintenance
There are two opinions on the design of scaffold aquariums. Some lovers believe that ponds should be species and even one individual is a true decoration. Other owners prefer to diversify the underwater world. Optimal calm neighbors. Which will not tear off beautiful fins to veil-tails, will not knock out eyes to telescopes. The following fish can be recommended:
- speckled catfish;
Keeping a goldfish in an aquarium implies the presence of plants. The delicate leaves of Javanese moss, hygrophilous diformis, bacopa, and wallisneria fit perfectly into the scrofus menu. Moreover, comets and orands are seen in hooliganism more often than telescopes. The following species of underwater flora are less raided: lemongrass, sagittaria, echinodorus bleher, cryptocarina afinix, lemongrass, Thai fern, anubias. It should be noted that there are no clear rules for compatibility of goldfish with plants. Aquarists report conflicting information. Someone Wallysneria perfectly adjacent to the carp. And someone has a large telescope in a night destroys up to five bushes. A big influence on this is the composition of the diet.
If you want to minimize the negative impact of pets on green spaces, then increase the plant component in their menu. Let's get more duckweed, hornwort. And fish will pay less attention to ornamental plants.
Silver carp is not against digging into the silt, stir up the water. Unfortunately, his cultural descendants inherited this bad habit. When keeping goldfish, soil with a diameter of 4-5 mm is recommended. Sand is undesirable. Larger rounded pebbles are acceptable. Decor with protruding, sharp edges should be excluded, as it is traumatic. Telescopes can damage the eyes, others risk the integrity of chic fins.
Earthworms and leaf lettuce in an aquarium
There is an opinion among aquarists that goldfish eat everything in unlimited quantities. Their taste preferences are really very diverse.
Porridge. Buckwheat, oat, millet are permissible. It is undesirable to give in large quantities, contribute to completeness.
Green feed. Wolfia can be bought in frozen briquettes. It is better to breed duckweed. When sampling from wild ponds, infectious diseases and parasites are often introduced. Spinach, leaf lettuce are given finely chopped. Zucchini, apples, cucumbers, pumpkin, shredded soybeans are good sources of nutrients.
Finished industrial feed. In addition to the special one intended for scrofula, pills for catfish eat up. In the east, caring for goldfish involves a layout of 3-6 feeds at a time. Preference is given to Japanese manufacturers.
Silent exotic. Bananas, kiwi, oranges. In the latter, the film must be removed from the lobule and a little stirring the flesh should be torn to pieces.
Feed of animal origin. A frozen bloodworm is good because it floats on the surface for quite some time. Earthworms are free high protein foods. First, they are kept in a jar of water for about a day at a temperature of 6-8 degrees. Then chop with a blade into small pieces.
It is believed that it is better to feed often, but little by little. After 10 minutes, it is advisable to remove the residues. For convenience, a saucer is placed under the place of eating. As additional orderlies they keep soms. It is possible to recommend pterygoplychitis for this purpose.
The bigger, the better
Reproduction of goldfish at home is quite easy.
In spring and summer, Cinderella often spawn. Up to 5-6 times per season. If you need a fry in the cold period, then two weeks are plentifully fed at a temperature of 20 degrees. One day they are hungry. Then they change ¼ of the volume of water, raise the temperature to 23-25 degrees, increase the duration of lighting. Sometimes they give slugs during the fattening period. This very often contributes to spawning. But slugs can carry helminths, so they should not be offered to fish.
On the Internet you can watch the spawning of a goldfish in the video. An aquarium is needed from 30 liters, but better more. A couple, a trio of males, go to the female. Bottom without soil, with a separate mesh. Fish have a tendency to eat eggs, therefore, at the end of spawning, producers are removed.
The fry is 200-300 or more pieces. At first they move in jerks and often hang on glass. After a couple of days they start active swimming and from that moment they begin to feed the babies with live dust, thoroughly ground feed. Already in a month, juveniles can be transferred to small bloodworms.
As you can see, keeping and breeding these beautiful creations is a snap. But they will always be an exquisite decoration of the interior. You can buy goldfish, as well as find out the price for them, in stores on our website.
Popular types of goldfish
Refers to long-bodied species. It is considered the first owner of a forked tail. The main colors are white, red, silver. There are yellow, orange, beige. Plain or spotty. Very popular in Japan.
Under the condition of pond content, it reaches 30–45 centimeters, but in aquariums the size is smaller. Needs good aeration. The temperature regime of the content is 18–22 degrees. The recommended volume is from 80 liters per couple. For spawning 100 liters. Two or three males are planted on the female. Up to 2 thousand eggs are spawned for spawning. Maturity occurs at 2 years.
Bred in China, according to other sources in Japan after a long selection. Adorned exclusively the chambers of emperors and aristocratic nobility. It has an ovoid body. Anal and caudal fins accompany this handsome bride and veil like a train. There are scaleless forms.
Demanding on the temperature of the content. Prefers 24–27 degrees. During spawning, 28-30 degrees. One of the most thermophilic goldfish. Aquarium for permanent residence is preferred from 70 liters. Sharp corners and aggressive neighbors are undesirable. Love natural light.
Shuigon (Water eyes)
This unusual creature can not be confused with anyone, thanks to the large bubbles under the eyes. Eyes can reach 25% of body size. They begin to grow from 3-4 months of age. The dorsal fin is absent, the caudal and anal are bifurcated. Looks interesting in a brown color.
10 liters is enough for a couple, but flocks in larger aquariums will be more attractive. Shuigona will be satisfied with water at a temperature of 18-23 degrees. It’s unpretentious in food. Finally, young people stain by 2-3 years. The eyes should be handled as carefully as possible, but even those that burst have a chance of recovery.
He began his march through aquariums from the Land of the Rising Sun. It has an extremely outstanding appearance. There is no dorsal fin. Thoracic and abdominal are very small. The body is short, rounded. Many colors were derived: chocolate, black, orange, chintz and others.
This gold fish Will feel good in an aquarium of 50 liters. The temperature, as for most, is 18–23 degrees. Does not accept monotonous feeding. Often digging in the ground. A large fraction of particles is recommended. Tamagotu noted a reduced resistance to gill rot.
A distinctive feature is a hump behind his head. The fish has large fins and a forked, widely bred tail. Together with a short, rounded body it looks very impressive. Most often, white-red individuals are found. But there are other colors.
For a couple, a pond of 80 liters is suitable. Temperature undemanding. Withstand from 15 to 27 degrees. Experienced aquarists advise picking up large, rounded soils to avoid tearing. Adults become after 12 months. Grow up to 20-25 centimeters. They are considered one of the unpretentious goldfish.