Black and Gold Lyra Molly
Black-and-gold Lyra Molly is one of the most popular live-bearing fish of hybrids, both among beginners and avid aquarists all over the world. These fish are common due to the fact that there are many positive aspects to their breeding:
- unpretentious in maintenance and reproduction;
- inexpensive at the price;
- peaceful in character, but nimble;
- elegant and beautiful (spectacular tail in the form of a lyre).
In the wild, these fish live in various freshwater and brackish waters of the United States, as well as in Latin America. These fish are found on coasts, quiet backwaters, coves or lagoons.
Lyra Molly has an elongated, flattened laterally body, most often colored in golden color, smoothly turning into a black, lyre-like tail (the upper and lower sides of the caudal fin are slightly elongated). The upper and lower fins are usually painted black. Males grow on average up to 8 cm and differ from females in that they have an anal fin folded into a tube (male genital organ). Females reach large sizes - up to 12 cm, with a characteristic, more rounded abdomen. Fish live in aquariums for about 5 years.
Feeding Molly will not make it difficult even for beginner aquarists. In the home aquarium, the menu of these fish is diverse. They are equally pleased to eat any food. It is important to know that vegetation must be present in the diet of these fish. Molly often eat various growths on glasses and decorative elements. A big plus is that these pets can be left without food for a week on a starvation diet. The fish will live well, eating algal fouling and snails. This type of fish is very quickly tamed and literally feeds from the hands of the owner. Giving food is recommended in small portions, 2-3 times a day. It is worth remembering that Lyra Molly is prone to overeating, therefore it is recommended to strictly dose their food, in no case should you overfeed. Before you feed the fish with vegetables (lettuce, zucchini, spinach, cucumbers), you need to boil them and grind them a bit - as pets can choke in large pieces.
Maintenance and care
It is recommended to keep fish at a rate of 10 liters per fish, a long aquarium with dense thickets, an abundance of algae, secluded places and snags of bizarre shapes is ideal. It is important to alternate thickets of algae with open areas where the fish will freely swim and take food. Lyra Molly spend almost all the time in motion, they love to swim, so they need a lot of space. The males in the aquarium should be 2 times less so that the females do not get tired due to constantly active partners. The temperature of the water is desirable to provide in the range of 21-26 degrees. Water hardness should be 20-30 dGH, pH 7.5-8.0 - slightly alkaline, slightly salted. Within 12 hours, the aquarium must be lit. Light for Molly fish is very important - it affects their well-being. The main condition for caring for these inhabitants is clean water, as these fish pollute it very quickly. About 20% of the water in the aquarium should be changed weekly, it is advisable to put an activated carbon filter in the aquarium. The bottom should be covered with river sand and small pebbles.
Being a viviparous fish, Molly bypasses the process of reproduction by eggs, releasing already formed fry. To determine whether a female is pregnant, you need to monitor her abdomen, which, when fry appears, is rounded and darkens a little. It is best to put the female, waiting for fry, in another aquarium, because other, more mature fish do not eat fry (the females give birth every 40-45 days). As for compatibility with other inhabitants of the reservoirs, the black and gold Lira Molly, a fish with a peace-loving character, gets along well with the same viviparous individuals with a calm disposition. But you should not keep pets with aggressive, predatory fish, as sooner or later they can become prey for them.