The birthplace of this charming aquarium fish is Africa. An interesting fact is that the color of fish in the wild varies depending on which part of the river they live.
The butterfly barbus is small in size - no more than 3.5 - 4 cm. These fish swim in the middle layer of water and therefore look very advantageous in the aquarium. The barbus butterfly has an elongated spindle-like body. The color of the fish is mainly brown-golden with black spots. The back of the butterfly barbus is painted in brown, the barrel is golden brown (honey color is possible), the color of the abdomen is light yellow and even whitish. Black spots are located on the sides of this aquarium fish. Their fins are also colored; their color can be either yellow or honey-brown. The rays in the tail are black, and on the other fins there is a black edging.
Male and female have some differences. So, the female is larger than the male and less bright in comparison with him. In addition, their spots behind the gill covers also differ. In the male, they have the shape of a crescent, while in the female they are round.
Barbus butterfly is very peaceful, but cautious in nature and special mobility. They get along well with other non-aggressive, but mobile inhabitants of the aquarium without lush fins. These aquarium fish live from 2 to 4 years, depending on how well the fry were raised.
Fish of this variety of barbs are very undemanding to eat, but when they live only on dry food, they begin to have health problems. To avoid this, the owner should add small bloodworms (possibly ice cream) and daphnia to their diet. In addition to helping keep the fish healthy, this food will enhance the color of the scales, making the butterfly barbus even more beautiful.
Maintenance and care
For keeping in a home amateur aquarium, a butterfly barbus is perfect. These fish need a flock of at least 8-10 individuals. For a comfortable life, fish of this species require an aquarium with a length of at least 80 centimeters, providing a safe and safe swimming. They need to have natural plants at the far wall of the aquarium, in which butterfly barbs will be hidden if desired. At the bottom it is worth placing shelters in the form of snags and grottoes. There should be free space along the front wall for swimming. Butterflies do not need bright lighting for barbs. For them, a dim, slightly diffused light will be optimal. The water in the aquarium for butterfly barbs should not be colder than 20 degrees and not warmer than 25 degrees. Its hardness must be within 3-5dGH, and acidity - 6-6.5pH. These fish also need high-quality water filtration. Aeration is also needed. The water in the aquarium is changed once a week and not more than 30% of the volume.
Butterfly barbs can begin to breed from 4.5 months. The volume of the aquarium for spawning must be at least 100 liters. The depth of the water in the aquarium should not exceed 15 cm. The water in the aquarium for spawning should be warm at about 28 degrees with a hardness of not more than 2dGH. The acidity remains the same as in a normal aquarium. A week before spawning, males and females are separated and kept separately. Feeding of fish during this period is carried out by live food. Adult fish are removed from the spawning aquarium immediately after spawning has passed. The water depth is reduced to 10 cm and replaced by 50%. Hatching fry occurs on the second day. On the fourth day, young growth begins to swim actively. Fries are fed with ciliates.