Plants for the aquarium
Why do some plants planted in the aquarium literally begin to wither and die before our eyes, while others, under the same conditions, actively grow and multiply?
When buying a new plant for an aquarium, you need to know what it is and what conditions it needs to grow, i.e. consider light requirements and temperature conditions.
The following plant species are distinguished from the need for light:
- Plants that prefer low light - hornwort, vallisneria, cryptocorin related, cryptocorin griffith.
- Plants that prefer strong diffused light - hygrophil, echinodorus, elodea, ceratopteris, kabomba, cinema, aponogeton.
- Plants that prefer strong lighting - eichornia, water-coat, nomafila.
From the need for temperature emit:
- Cold-loving plants (+ 18 ° ... + 20 ° C) - cinnamon, richchia, horsepower, fontinalis, elodea.
- Moderate plants (+ 20 ° ... + 22 ° C) - nomafila, ludwigia, wallisneria.
- Heat-loving plants (more than + 22 ° ... + 26 ° C) - pistia, ceratopteris, echinodorus, kabomba, cryptocoryne.
Before planting plants in an aquarium, for preventive purposes (in order to prevent possible diseases) purchased specimens must be disinfected.
Before planting, it should be borne in mind that:
- Domestic aquatic plants (most) are of little use for the aquarium, since in the winter they die (exception: plants growing in the southern regions). Therefore, for planting in an aquarium, plants growing in the tropics and subtropics are best suited.
- Young plants that are easy to take root and actively enter the process of biological treatment of water are best suited for planting. Faster is the biological balance in the aquarium. After this, planting should begin. Plants must be planted in an aquarium filled with 6-8 cm. Of water. Long roots of plants are cut with scissors, yellowed leaves are removed. Light-loving plants are located closer to the light, and shade-tolerant plants are located in a dimly lit corner.
- Small plants are planted in the foreground, and tall ones in the background.
- A beautiful plant stands out because it is located among low plants or in free space.
- The planting pot has a sufficient number of vents.
- For a valuable plant, layered soil is needed. After the plant is planted, the aquarium is filled with water.
In most cases, aquariums contain fern plants (ceratopterus, salvinia, water cabbage), flowering plants (vallisneria, cryptocoryne, duckweed, elodea, etc.), algae (horseradish, glitter, etc.).